Comparative validation of self-report measures of negative attitudes towards Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders
Submitted: 14 October 2011
Revised: 22 November 2012
Accepted: 22 November 2012
Published: 9 April 2013
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Skinner TC, Blick J, Coffin J, Dudgeon P, Forrest S, Morrison D.
|Timothy Skinner||Juli Coffin||Pat Dudgeon|
Citation: Skinner TC, Blick J, Coffin J, Dudgeon P, Forrest S, Morrison D. Comparative validation of self-report measures of negative attitudes towards Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders. Rural and Remote Health (Internet) 2013; 13: 1959. Available: http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=1959 (Accessed 18 January 2017)
Introduction: This study sought to determine the construct validity of two self-report measures of attitudes towards Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders against an implicit measure of attitude.Key words: Aboriginal Australian, attitudes, prejudice, validity.
Method: Total of 102 volunteer participants completed the three measures in a randomized order. The explicit measures of prejudice towards Aboriginal Australians were the Modern Racism Scale (MRS) and the Attitudes Towards Indigenous Australians Scale (ATIAS). The implicit attitudes measure was an adaptation of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and utilised simple drawn head-and-shoulder images of Aboriginal Australians and White Australians as the stimuli.
Results: Both explicit measures and implicit measure varied in the extent to which negative prejudicial attitudes were held by participants, and the corresponding construct validities were unimpressive. The MRS was significantly correlated with the IAT, (r=.314;p<.05) where the ATIAS was not significantly correlated with IAT scores (r=.12).
Conclusion: Of the two self-report measures of attitudes towards Aboriginal Australians, only the MRS evidenced validity when compared with the use of an implicit attitude measure.
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