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Abstract online early

Self-efficacy level among patients with type 2 diabetes living in rural areas     [ Original Research ]

Submitted: 28 October 2016
Revised: 31 May 2017
Accepted: 30 June 2017

Author(s) : Gedik S, Kocoglu D.

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study aims to determine the disease management self-efficacy level for patients with type 2 diabetes living in rural areas.
Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 216 adult patients with diabetes. Data were collected between April and June of 2015 using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Type 2 Diabetes. The relationship between independent variables and self-efficacy level was evaluated with t test and One-Way ANOVA in independent groups. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the determinants of self-efficacy level.
Findings: Diabetes patients living in rural areas had a moderate level of self-efficacy. Female and unemployed patients, and those who had a low educational level, spent their lives in village, and did not receive disease management training constituted a risk group in terms of self-efficacy. The multiple regression analysis demonstrated that using oral antidiabetics or insulin (β=-0.122), lack of education on diabetes complications (β=-0.125), and insufficient self-management of diabetes (β=-0.484) reduced the self-efficacy score.
Conclusion: Metabolic control parameters suggest that diabetes patients living in rural areas had a poor disease management level and a moderate self-efficacy level. Measures to improve the self-efficacy levels call for a diabetes education program that includes life style modifications and available resources in rural areas, as well as more frequent monitoring of patients living in rural areas.

This abstract online early has been viewed 207 times since 30-Jun-2017.

   
 

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