iViewExpert: using a video-cued recall and debrief method from astronaut, pilot and firefighter training, to understand and transfer technical medical expertise

Part of Special Series: Innovative Solutions in Remote Healthcare – ‘Rethinking Remote’ Conference Abstracts 2016go to url


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A Amin
1 *

name here
I Whiteley

name here
R Shearer

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K Walker


* A Amin


1, 3 NHS Highland, Department of General Surgery, Raidmore Hospital, Inverness, UK

2 UCL Centre for Space Medicine, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Dorking, UK

4 NHS Highland/University of Stirling, Highland Surgical Research Unit, Centre for Health Science, Inverness, UK


30 June 2016 Volume 16 Issue 2


RECEIVED: 23 June 2016

ACCEPTED: 29 June 2016


Amin A, Whiteley I, Shearer R, Walker K.  iViewExpert: using a video-cued recall and debrief method from astronaut, pilot and firefighter training, to understand and transfer technical medical expertise. Rural and Remote Health 2016; 16: 4111. https://doi.org/10.22605/RRH4111


© James Cook University 2016

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Background: Doctors must safely manage complex technical tasks. The most expert performers may not most easily explain their actions, except by cued recall and debrief. In Space and Aviation, a method taken from firefighter training ('iViewExpert') has been validated, to extract expertise from pilots and astronauts. The performance of a complex task is recorded on a head-mounted camera, allowing playback to give motion, visual and auditory cues, evoking the recall of experiences with minimum distortion. This aids the skilled debriefer, to reveal elements of experts’ cognitive processes throughout the task. In a feasibility study, we applied this approach to doctors.
Aim: Choosing highly operator-dependent medical procedures, with subtleties of technique, we aimed to determine the feasibility of adapting the iViewExpert technique to surgery, anaesthesia and endoscopy, and to assess whether the final footage with voice-over debrief commentary, may be useful to trainees.
Method: Surgeons, anaesthetists and endoscopists in Raigmore Hospital, Inverness wore a head-mounted camera while performing procedures, eg epidural catheter, cholecystectomy or colonoscopy. Upon playback the operator provided a commentary, facilitated by a psychologist, explaining the important cues and information and the decision-making. Footage with and without commentary was shown online to trainees and colleagues, who answered questionnaires on their understanding of the task, generating quantitative and qualitative data. Operators were also questioned on acceptability of the process. Results are currently being analysed.
Conclusion: This is a feasibility study in process to determine the adaptability of the iViewExpert technique to the medical training arena.

This abstract was presented at the Innovative Solutions in Remote Healthcare - 'Rethinking Remote' conference, 23-24 May 2016, Inverness, Scotland.

This PDF has been produced for your convenience. Always refer to the live site https://www.rrh.org.au/journal/article/4111 for the Version of Record.